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Congenital heart defect - corrective surgery

Congenital heart surgery; Patent ductus arteriosus ligation; Hypoplastic left heart repair; Tetralogy of Fallot repair; Coarctation of the aorta repair; Atrial septal defect repair; Ventricular septal defect repair; Truncus arteriosus repair; Total anomalous pulmonary artery correction; Transposition of great vessels repair; Tricuspid atresia repair; VSD repair; ASD repair

Congenital heart defect corrective surgery fixes or treats a heart defect that a child is born with. A baby born with one or more heart defects has congenital heart disease. Surgery is needed if the defect could harm the child's health or well-being.

Images

Heart, section through the middle
Cardiac catheterization
Heart, front view
Ultrasound, normal fetus - heartbeat
Ultrasound, ventricular septal defect - heartbeat
Infant open heart surgery

Presantation

Patent ductus arteriosis (PDA) - series

I Would Like to Learn About:

Description

There are many types of pediatric heart surgery.

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation:

Coarctation of the aorta repair:

Atrial septal defect (ASD) repair:

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair:

Tetralogy of Fallot repair:

The surgery involves:

The child may have a shunt procedure done first. A shunt moves blood from one area to another. This is done if the open-heart surgery needs to be delayed because the child is too sick to go through surgery.

Transposition of the great vessels repair:

Truncus arteriosus repair:

Tricuspid atresia repair:

Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) correction:

Hypoplastic left heart repair:

Related Information

Congenital heart disease
Cardiovascular
Patent ductus arteriosus
Coarctation of the aorta
Atrial septal defect (ASD)
Cardiac catheterization
Ventricular septal defect
Tetralogy of Fallot
Transposition of the great vessels
Truncus arteriosus
Tricuspid atresia
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
Heart transplant
Skin discoloration - bluish
Breathing difficulty
Heart failure - overview
Pulse
Arrhythmias
Pediatric heart surgery
Aortic valve surgery - open
Pediatric heart surgery - discharge
Bringing your child to visit a very ill sibling
Surgical wound care - open
Bathroom safety - children

References

Recommendations for preparing children and adolescents for invasive cardiac procedures: A statement from the American Heart Association Pediatric Nursing Subcommittee of the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing in collaboration with the Council on Cardiovascular Diseases of the Young. Circulation. 2003;108:2250-564. PMID: 14623793 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14623793.

Warnes CA, Williams RG, Bashore TM, Child JS, Connolly HM, Dearani JA, et al. ACC/AHA 2008 Guidelines for the Management of Adults with Congenital Heart Disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines on the management of adults with congenital heart disease). Circulation. 2008;118:e714-e833. PMID: 18997169 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18997169.

Webb GD, Smallhorn JF, Therrien J, Redington AN. Congenital heart disease. In: Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow RO, Braunwald E, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 62.

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Review Date: 1/22/2015  

Reviewed By: Larry A. Weinrauch MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Cardiovascular Disease and Clinical Outcomes Research, Watertown, MA.. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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