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Endometrial biopsy

Biopsy - endometrium

Endometrial biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue from the lining of the uterus (endometrium) for examination.

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Pelvic laparoscopy
Female reproductive anatomy
Endometrial biopsy
Uterus
Endometrial biopsy

I Would Like to Learn About:

How the Test is Performed

This procedure may be done with or without anesthesia. This is a medicine that allows you to sleep during the procedure.

How to Prepare for the Test

Before the test:

How the Test will Feel

The instruments may feel cold. You may feel some pain when the cervix is grasped. You may have some cramping as the instruments enter the uterus and the sample is collected.

Why the Test is Performed

The test is done to find the cause of:

Normal Results

The biopsy is normal if the cells in the sample are not abnormal.

What Abnormal Results Mean

Abnormal menstrual periods may be caused by:

Other conditions under which the test may be performed:

Risks

Risks of endometrial biopsy include:

Related Information

Cancer
Menopause
Endometrial cancer
Infertility
Uterine fibroids
Vaginal bleeding - hormonal
Endometritis

References

Choby BA. Endometrial biopsy. In: Pfenninger JL, Fowler GC, eds. Pfenninger & Fowler's Procedures for Primary Care. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2010:chap 143.

Lentz GM. Endoscopy: hysteroscopy and laparoscopy: indications, contraindications and complications. In: Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, Katz VL, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2012:chap 10.

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Review Date: 9/26/2015  

Reviewed By: Daniel N. Sacks MD, FACOG, obstetrics & gynecology in private practice, West Palm Beach, FL. Review Provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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