Click here to return to the LMHS Home Page

 

Print-Friendly
Bookmarks

Isolated sleep paralysis

Sleep paralysis - isolated; Parasomnia - isolated sleep paralysis

 

Isolated sleep paralysis is a type of paralysis that occurs when a person just goes to sleep or upon waking from sleep.  It is not associated with another sleep disorder.

Symptoms

 

Episodes of isolated sleep paralysis last from a few seconds to 1 or 2 minutes. During these episodes the person is unable to move or speak. Breathing is not affected. These spells end on their own or when the person is touched or moved. In rare cases, the person may have dream-like sensations or hallucinations, which may be scary to them.

 

Exams and Tests

 

Sleep paralysis can be a symptom of narcolepsy. But if you do not have other symptoms of narcolepsy, there is usually no need to have sleep studies done.

 

Treatment

 

In most cases, isolated sleep paralysis occurs so rarely that treatment is not needed. If the cause is known, for example due to lack of sleep, correcting the cause, such as getting enough sleep, often resolves the condition.

In persons with mental health conditions, medicine and behavioral therapy (talk therapy) to help treat the mental condition may resolve sleep paralysis.

 

 

References

Schenck CH, Mahowald MW. REM sleep parasomnias in adults. In: Barkoukis TJ, Matheson JK, Ferber R, Doghramji K, eds. Therapy in Sleep Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 43.

BACK TO TOPText only

 
  • Sleep patterns in the young and aged

    Sleep patterns in the yo...

    illustration

    • Sleep patterns in the young and aged

      Sleep patterns in the yo...

      illustration

    A Closer Look

     

      Self Care

       

        Tests for Isolated sleep paralysis

         
           

          Review Date: 4/13/2015

          Reviewed By: Allen J. Blaivas, DO, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, VA New Jersey Health Care System, Clinical Assistant Professor, Rutger's New Jersey Medical School, East Orange, NJ. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

          The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
          adam.com

           
           
           

           

           

          A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.