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Health Information

Research Tools

What is EBM? - definitions and elements of Evidence-Based Medicine

 

PubMed and the Evidence-Based Universe - a presentation by Holly Ann Burt, Outreach and Exhibits Coordinator, NN/LM GMR and Cleo Pappas, Assistant Information Services Librarian and Associate Professor, UIC LHS. (2013)

After reading and assimilating this program, you will be better able to:

  • Define evidence-based research

  • Identify process steps

  • Recognize types of studies and understand how they relate to levels of evidence

  • Formulate literature search to find such evidence

  • Critically appraise a study

  • Know where to go for additional information

Types of Research Designs - definitions or short descriptions (Orriola, J. 2014)

 

Strength of Evidence Pyramids - shortcut to graphic presentation of levels of evidence of resources
 

Identifying the Best Study - Identifying the best type of study to answer a given type of question (Orriola, J. 2014)

 

Literature Search form - a strategy form for evidence-based search employing PICO questions

 

Boolean Searching - using AND, OR, NOT in a search statement

 

Medical Subject Headings (MESH), Qualifiers/Limits - use to search PubMed for evidence-based material

 

Clinical Queries (PubMed) - ready-to-use search strategies:

  • Clinical Study categories use built-in filters that limit retrieval to articles reporting research conducted with specific methodologies, including those that report applied clinical research.

  • Systematic Reviews cover a broad set of articles that build consensus on biomedical topics

  • Medical Genetics find citations related to topics in medical genetics

Comparative Effectiveness Research - is the conduct and synthesis of research comparing the benefits and harms of different interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat and monitor health conditions in "real world" settings. The purpose of this research is to improve health outcomes by developing and disseminating evidence-based information to patients, clinicians, and other decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. The purpose of the search strategies presented here is to help inform discussions on or relating to comparative effectiveness by providing retrieval of a full-range of studies on the efficacy-effectiveness in the "real world" continuum.

 

PubMed and other Databases - conduct your search here

APA and MLA Citation Styles - American Psychological Association (APA) and Modern Language Association (MLA) short overview of rules with examples of bibliographic citations.

Citing Medicine: the NLM Style guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers - guidance for citing twenty-six types of published and unpublished material, ranging from print books and journal articles to blogs and wikis according to the National Library of Medicine's (NLM) rules.

Cochrane Methodology Register database - bibliography of publications which report on methods used in the conduct of controlled trials contains studies of methods used in reviews and more general methodological studies which could be relevant to anyone preparing systematic reviews (available on IntraLee website or through Athens login)

Copyright tools and documents

Useful E-books: (some available only on IntraLee website or through Athens login - search E-Journals & E-Books Catalog)

To find print resources in LMHS collections, search Library local collection catalog available on IntraLee.  Use term: research, then hit "subject" or "all words" tab.

 

 

To schedule a one-on-one literature searching training, call a medical librarian:

 

Library phone and fax numbers 


updated: September 25, 2014

 

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